Climate

Reply to Luo et al.: Robustness of causal effects of galactic cosmic rays on interannual variation in global temperature

Causal feedbacks in climate change

The statistical association between temperature and greenhouse gases over glacial cycles is well documented[1], but causality behind this correlation remains difficult to extract directly from the data. A time lag of CO_2 behind Antarctic …

Predicting climate effects on Pacific sardine

For many marine species and habitats, climate change and overfishing present a double threat. To manage marine resources effectively, it is necessary to adapt management to changes in the physical environment. Simple relationships between …